Roma

   Ethnic group. According to the 2002 census, there are nearly 190,000 Roma, or Gypsies (tsygane), in the Russian Federation, thus making them a significant ethnic minority. The major subgroups are Ruska Roma, who arrived in Russia from Central Europe in the 18th century, and Vlach Roma, who came to Russia from the Balkans in the mid-19th century. Roma are originally of Indian origin; however, a millennium of residence in Europe has diluted or erased any links to the subcontinent. Many Russian Romani speak a dialect of Romanes, the Romani language, which is Indo-European in origin and is related to Panjabi, Hindi, and other Indic languages. Most Roma profess Russian Orthodoxy.
   Sedentarized and culturally marginalized during the Soviet era, some Roma have reestablished their cultural identity in postindependence Russia. However, their difference in physical appearance from Slavs and their popular association with street crime have made Roma frequent targets of neofascists, including a particularly violent spate of pogroms in the early 1990s. Discrimination against Roma remains high, and unlike in the case of Roma in the European Union, Romani political identity is almost nonexistent. At the same time, there are well-established Roma cultural institutions that date back to the Stalin era. Certain aspects of Roma culture are quite popular with Russian people, with many concert halls presenting traditional singing and dance performances, and there is currently a popular television series based on Roma culture.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roma — may refer to:Ethnic group* Roma people (also known as Gypsies) * Romani language, the spoken language of the Roma people * Romani religion, the religion of the Roma peopleFilms* Roma (2004 film), Argentinian film directed by Adolfo Aristarain *… …   Wikipedia

  • Roma — 1 n. p. f. Ciudad y nación antigua y capital actual de Italia. ⇒ La Ciudad Eterna. ➢ *Romano. 2 Se emplea muy frecuentemente para designar al *papa o al *Vaticano, por ejemplo como lugar del que emanan órdenes o disposiciones o al que se pagan… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Roma — (Dea Roma), Personifikation der Stadt Rom, zuerst im 2. Jahrh. v. Chr. von kleinasiatischen Städten, als Staatsgöttin aber erst seit Errichtung des ihr und Venus von Hadrian in Rom geweihten Doppeltempels (templum Urbis) an der Via sacra (s.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Roma 75 — (Альгеро,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Different locations in Alghero city centre (Check in at Via …   Каталог отелей

  • Roma — Roma, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 9617 Housing Units (2000): 3141 Land area (2000): 2.755413 sq. miles (7.136487 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.133079 sq. miles (0.344672 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.888492 sq. miles (7.481159 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Roma, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 9617 Housing Units (2000): 3141 Land area (2000): 2.755413 sq. miles (7.136487 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.133079 sq. miles (0.344672 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.888492 sq. miles (7.481159 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Roma — (De Roma, ciudad capital del mundo católico y residencia del Papa). f. Autoridad del Papa y de la curia romana. a Roma por todo. expr. coloq. U. para dar a entender que se acomete con ánimo y confianza cualquier empresa, por ardua que sea …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Roma 0/ 1G — (Маринелла,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 07020 Маринелла, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Roma 79 — is a rock band from San Francisco, California, formed in 2002. The band s debut album The Great Dying was released by St. Louis based Ascetic Records in 2005.Discography* The Great Dying (Ascetic Records, 2005)External links*… …   Wikipedia

  • ROMA II — nombre utilizado para designar un documento multinational de consenso sobre los Desórdenes Gastrointestinales Funcionales publicado en 1999. Son importantes en particular los criterios de diagnóstico Roma II Criterios de diagnóstico [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • Roma S.C. — Roma S.C. was an American soccer club based in Paterson, New Jersey that was a member of the American Soccer League.Year by year …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.